L’IDENTITÉ ET L’ALTERITÉ DANS L’OEUVRE D’ART

Codrina-Laura IONITA

Abstract


The importance granted to this topic beginning with the modern period, in philosophy as well as in art, seems undisputable. Nevertheless, with the phenomenology of the 20th century, the concepts of relation and otherness progressively question the authority of the Self. From the immanent transcendence or transcendence as a fundamental state of the Dasein, to the adonat as tributary to a given phenomenon, the subject progressively loses its active role, in favor of otherness. From the perspective of art, the shifting of the focus from subjectivity to otherness is achieved, on the one hand, via the importance granted to the object, and on the other hand, via perceiving the artist as a receiver, and not as a creator. According to the phenomenological interpretation, art is not the product of the artist, but a revelation, a coming into the material of something that is already present without being noticeable, a relation, an event or a saturated phenomenon which occurs, which offers itself to the subject without giving the latter the possibility of interfering.


Keywords


subject; otherness; phenomenology; art; relation

Full Text:

Full Text: PDF

References


Buber, M. , Je et Tu, Paris, 1981, traduction roumaine Stefan Augustin Doinas (Eu si Tu, Ed. Humanitas , Bucuresti, 1992)

M. Heidegger, Lettre sur l’humanisme (Lettre à Jean Beaufret), dans Questions III et IV, traduit par Roger Munier, Editions Gallimard, 1990

Heidegger, Martin, Chemins qui ne mènent nulle part, traduit de l’allemand par Wolfgang Brokmeier, Editions Gallimard, 1962

Henry, Michel, Le mystère des dernières œuvres, dans Kandinsky par Jéléna Hahl-Fontaine, Marc Vokar Editeur, 1993

Husserl, Edmund, Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie, traduction française P. Ricoeur: Idées directrices pour une phénoménologie et une philosophie phénoménologique pures, Paris, 1950

Maldiney, Henri, Ouvrir le Rien, L'art nu, Encre marine, 2000

Maldiney, Henri, Regard, parole, espace, L’Age d’Homme, 1973

Marion, Jean-Luc, De surcroît Etudes sur les phénomènes saturés, P.U.F., 2001, traduction roumaine În plus Studii asupra fenomenelor saturate, traduit par Ionut Biliuta, Editions Deisis, Sibiu, 2003

Marion, Jean-Luc, Etant donné Essai d’une phénoménologie de la donation, P.U.F. 1997

Marion, Jean-Luc, La croisée du visible, traduction roumaine Crucea vizibilului, traduit par Mihail Neamtu, Ed. Deisis, Sibiu, 2000

Perrot, M., « Cubism, Futurism, Suprarealism : vicisitudinile subiectului în arta », paru dans le volume Moartea artei, interogatii privind statutul operei de arta în contemporaneitate, Ed. Artes, Iasi, 2005


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.