The Fallacies in the Political Debates

Elena VASILIU

Abstract


My paper explores the concept of argumentative fallacy. In spite of the fact that there is a rich history that goes all the way back to the classical antiquity, the recurrent study of fallacies proves that this subject matter remains a fresh one. The use of misleading arguments constitutes a serious threat to both our knowledge system (by means of spurring faulty beliefs) and our political debates (by means of creating inaccurate or misguided standpoints that compromise the process of deliberation).

Keywords


discourse, fallacies, argumentation, knowledge, political debates

Full Text:

Full Text: PDF

References


BOUDRY, Maarten, PAGLIERI, Fabio, PIGLIUCCI, Massimo. 2015. “The Fake, the Flimsy, and the Fallacious: Demarcating Arguments in Real Life”. Argumentation, 29:431-456

CARPINSCHI, Anton. 2010. „Failibilitatea umană şi actele de justiţie socială”. Editorial. Revista Sfera Politicii 149.

DOBRE, Marius. 2014. „Teoria sofismelor în abordări contemporane de gândire critică”. Rev. filos. LXI (2): 133-144, Bucureşti.

HAMBLIN, C.L. 1970. Fallacies. London: Methuen.

IKUENOBE, Polycarp. 2002. „In Search of Criteria for Fallacies and Begging the Question”. Argumentation 16: 421-441.

MAIONE, Michael. 2013. Master of arts thesis: Narrative Fallacies: An Analysis Of Narrative As A Mode Of Argumentative Proof In Contemporary American Political Rhetoric. Purdue University.

POWERS, Lawrence H. 1995. „The one fallacy theory”. Informal Logic Vol. 17, No.2 (Spring): 303-314.

SĂLĂVĂSTRU, Constantin. 2002. „Patologia discursului jurnalistic: sofismele”. Argumentum 1: 50-97

SĂLĂVĂSTRU, Constantin. 2003. Teoria si practica argumentării. Iași: Ed.Polirom.

SĂLĂVĂSTRU, Constantin. 2009. Arta dezbaterilor publice.București: Tritonic.

STOIANOVICI, Drăgan. 2005. Argumentare şi gândire critică. București: Editura Universităţii din Bucureşti.

STOICA, Dan S. 2011. „Fraze care au fost...”. Lucrările Conferinţei internaţionale Paradigma discursului ideologic, ed.a III-a, Galați, URL: http://www.dstoica.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/FrazeCareAuFost.pdf, accesat la data de 03.09.2017.

STOICA, Dan S. 2016. ”On Wooden Language and Manipulation”. Argumentum. Journal of the Seminar of Discursive Logic, Argumentation Theory and Rhetoric 14 (1): 102-120.

TINDALE, Christofer W. 2010. Reason’s dark champions.Constructive strategies in sophistic argument. Columbia: University of South Carolina.

van EEMEREN, Frans H., Garssen, Bart, Meuffels, Bert. 2009. “Fallacies and Judgments of Reasonableness.Empirical Research Concerning the Pragma-Dialectical Discussion Rules”, Series: Argumentation Library 16.

WALTON, Douglas. 1995. A Pragmatic Theory of Fallacy Studies in Rhetoric and Communication. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press.

WALTON, Douglas. 2010. ”Why Fallacies Appear to be Better Arguments Than They Are”. Informal Logic Vol. 30, No. 2: 159-184.

WALTON, Douglas. 2011. ”Defeasible reasoning and informal fallacies”. Synthese 179: 377-407.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.